segunda-feira, 27 de março de 2017


Lithuanian is a language which belongs to the family of Indo-European Languages, Baltic branch, eastern group. Its alphabet consists of 32 letters, being 11 vowels and 21 consonants. It does not use articles, nor indefinites as definites, as well as Russian and Latin. In relation to declensions, in Lithuanian, there are 7 cases, which are: nominative, genitive, dative, accusative, instrumental, locative and vocative. It is worth remembering that in German are 4, in Latin 6, in Classical Greek 5 and in Modern Greek 4, and in Russian 6.

There are 3 simple tenses, which are the past, present and future. And there is also the past frequentative tense which represents an action that happened in the past, as well as the "used to" in English language. It is not possible to describe a continuous action in Lithuanian, as in English, e.g., if you call a Lithuanian, you ask him what are he doing, he replies that he reads a book and not that he is reading a book. In addition to the indicative mood, we have in Lithuanian the conditional and the imperative. The third person singular and plural are always the same.

In Lithuanian, as well as in Russian, there are verbal aspects, but in the first language, they are in all tenses, being that in Russian, it only applies to the past and the future. The aspect is divided in perfective and imperfective. In the perfective, we put a prepositional particle at the beginning of the verb and it modifies the meaning of that verb. In the imperfective, the verb maintains the infinitive. 

The adjectives always come before nouns, as in English, German, Russian and Chinese. In relation to gender, we have the masculine and the feminine.

This was just a brief overview of the Lithuanian language.

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